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Japanese
Title :
産後1か月までの母親の疲労感と産後ケアニーズの特徴
Subtitle :
研究報告
Authors :
秋本美加
Authors (kana) :
Organization :
愛媛大学大学院医学系研究科看護学専攻
Journal :
母性衛生
Volume :
59
Number :
4
Page :
861-868
Year/Month :
2019 / 1
Article :
報告
Publisher :
日本母性衛生学会
Abstract :
「抄録」目的:産後1か月までの母親の疲労感と産後ケアニーズの特徴を明らかにする. 方法:A市内の産院BまたはCで出産した母親200名へ, 産院入院中と1か月健診時の2回質問紙調査を実施した. 結果:産後の疲労感尺度全体得点は, 産院入院中76.08±17.82点, 1か月健診時69.68±17.05点で有意に低下していた. 産後1か月までの産後の疲労感尺度全体得点増加群は【母体の受動的な癒しケア】, 【ネットワーク作りの支援】のニーズが有意に高く, 下位尺度の精神的ストレス状態得点および睡眠が不足した状態得点増加群では【母親の時間にゆとりを持たせるケア】のニーズが有意に高かった. また疲労感に関係なく, 最も高いケアニーズは【児の観察とケア】であった. 考察:母親の休息に繋がるケアは, 産後の疲労感が増加している母親に高いニーズがあり, そのような母親の睡眠の状態や精神的な疲労の程度を観察する必要がある. また児の観察や育児行動, 授乳に関する専門的な支援は, 産後の疲労感に関係なく母親自身へのケアと共に求められており, 産院退院後の専門的な支援の充実が求められる.
Practice :
公衆衛生学
Keywords :
産後1か月, 疲労感, 産後ケア, ニーズ, 1-month postpartum, fatigue, postpartum care, care needs
  
English
Title :
Characteristics of mother's fatigue and care needed until 1 month postpartum
Subtitle :
Research Reports
Authors :
Mika Akimoto
Authors (kana) :
Organization :
Department of Nursing, Ehime University
Journal :
Japanese Journal of Maternal Health
Volume :
59
Number :
4
Page :
861-868
Year/Month :
2019 / 1
Article :
Report
Publisher :
Japan Society of Maternal Health
Abstract :
[Abstract] Objective: To clarify the characteristics of mother's fatigue and care needed until 1 month postpartum Methods: Questionnaire surveys were administered twice to 200 mothers who gave birth: one at postpartum hospitalization and the other at 1-month checkup. Results: The total scores of "Feeling of Postpartum Fatigue Scale (FPFS)" were 76.08 +- 17.82 at postpartum hospitalization and 69.68 +- 17.05 at 1-month checkup; the scores were significantly reduced at 1-month checkup. Until 1 month postpartum, the mothers in whom the FPFS scores were increased had significantly increased needs of "maternal passive healing care" and "support for network making". There was a significantly higher need for "time to relax for care-giving mothers" in those that showed increased FPFS subscales of mental stress state scores and sleep-deprived condition score. Regardless of the feeling of fatigue, the highest care required was for ''baby observation and care." Conclusion: Care leading to mother's rest is highly required for mothers who are increasingly fatigued after birth, and it is necessary to observe the state of sleep and mental fatigue of such mothers. In addition, professional support regarding baby observation, child-rearing behavior, and breast-feeding is required together with mother's self-care regardless of post-partum fatigue. It is necessary to enhance professional support after discharge from a maternity hospital.
Practice :
Public Health
Keywords :
1-month postpartum, fatigue, postpartum care, care needs
  

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